Linux Installations

Ubuntu Linux 6.06

The purpose of this tutorial is to present the reader with the steps to successfully install Ubuntu Linux 6.06 (Dapper Drake). Once you have an Ubuntu installation disk (it's free--as in no cost. You can have one shipped to you or you can burn one yourself), make sure that your system BIOS is set to boot from the CD/Optical device first. Consult your motherboard BIOS for instructions on specifically how to do this as it is outside the scope of this tutorial. On most systems, you can access the BIOS by pressing "F2" or "delete". Once your machine is set to boot from the the CD, you will see a screen similar to Figure (1).

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Boot Screen.
Figure (1)

Make sure the option, "Start or Install Ubuntu" is highlighted and press "Enter". After the Kernel is loaded, you will see a graphical progress bar on screen as shown in Figure (2). Here, the installer and kernel begins to load the required modules for running the Live CD. Once all the modules are loaded and the progress bar reaches 100%, Ubuntu loads Gnome--its default Live CD desktop environment [Figure (3)].

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Loading Live CD
Figure (2)

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Gnome Loaded.
Figure (3)

You will notice on the desktop (on the left side, second icon down) there is an icon labeled "Install". Double-click on the "Install" icon to launch the Ubuntu Installer. The first screen of the installer is the language selection module [Figure (4)]. Highlight your language of choice here and click "Forward". Note: this tutuorial only covers the English installation steps as I am not 100% fluent in other languages.

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Language Screen.
Figure (4)

Once you have selected the system language, the next screen you see is the timezone/location screen as shown in Figure (5). Here select the city that is closest to your location and is in your timezone. You can either use the combo (drop) box, or you can zoom-in on the map and select a pin point near your location. Press the "Forward" button.

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Locale Selection.
Figure (5)

After leaving the time zone screen, you now must confirm the layout of your keyboard. This screen is shown in Figure (6). Highlight and, if necessary, test your keyboard layout and press "Forward".

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Keyboard Layout.
Figure (6)

The next screen you see is the default user management screen [Figure (7)]. Here, you will need to enter the default username and password in the required fields. While on this screen, you will also enter the computer name. This is used when connecting the computer to a network. If you are installing Ubuntu on a standalone computer (i.e. one that will not be connected on a network), the name you choose for your computer is somewhat irrelevant; however, if you will be connected to a network, it is good practice to give the computer a meaningful name (such as Ubuntu-box or fileserver). Complete the boxes as you see fit or according to a network policy and click "Forward".

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  User Name Fields.
Figure (7)

Once you have entered the computername, username, and password; you see the partioning screen similar to Figure (8). Here you select to either completely format (erase) the disk to install Ubuntu Linux or to manually partition the drive to fit your user needs. If you are installing Ubuntu on a blank harddrive, or you want to effectively erase anything and everything on the drive, keep the "Erase entire disk" option selected and click the "Forward" button. Otherwise select the "Manually partition" option and click "Forward". If you selected the "Manually partition" option, you will see a screen similar to Figure (9) and you must select "New" to create a partition on the device, otherwise your screen will look like Figure (10).

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Format HDD?
Figure (8)

Figure (9) is only seen if you selected the "Manually Partition" option.

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Partition Setup.
Figure (9)

Once you have selected/configured your partioning options, the Ubuntu installer tells you that it is ready to install Ubuntu Linux to the hard drive [Figure (10)]. Click the "Install" button to proceed.

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Ready to Install
Figure (10)

You will see a progress bar dialog box pop-up on screen informing the user of the current operation and overall installation completion percentage as in Figure (11). Sit back while the installer configures hardware, installs the bootloader, and installs the software packages.

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Installing.
Figure (11)

Once the installation is complete, you will see a dialog box asking if you would like to restart the computer or continue to use the Live CD [Figure (12)]. Click the "Restart" option to boot Linux from the hard drive. You will be asked to remove the disk from the drive and press enter during the rebooting sequence (before the system goes down).

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Reboot.
Figure (12)

When the system comes back online you will see a the GRUB bootloader take action and the Ubuntu Initialization screen [Figure (1)] is shown. Once Ubuntu loads the required hardware configurations, filesystem, etc., you will see the user login screen as shown in Figure (13).

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Login
Figure (13)

Type in the username/password that you entered previously [Figure (7)] and press "Enter" to log in to Ubuntu for the first time. That wasn't so hard now was it? Ubuntu has been previously declared the easiest OS to install. Now you know why. Start exploring the environment and you'll soon be on your way to being a full fledged guru. :)

Ubuntu Linux 6.06 Installation.  Done
Figure (14)